The Chicago Manual of Style (CMS) discusses in detail various topics including manuscript preparation and publication, grammar, usage, documentation and the bibliography for the editors. The substance in this document highly focuses on The Chicago Manual of Style documentation that is termed the Notes of Bibliography System, which is widely used by the people engaged in literature, history, and the arts. It also discussed another documentation style that is termed the Author-Date System. Though it is almost the same in content, there is little difference in form and is used in the social sciences.
In order to get more information about The Chicago Manual of Style (15th ed.), learners can find it useful to consult Kate L. Turabian's Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (7th ed.). This manual highlights the most common "Turabian" citation style. It also presents the two CMS patterns of citations but provides slight modifications much suited to student texts.
The Chicago Manual of Style: Notes and bibliography
The Chicago 'notes and bibliography' system is frequently used in the humanities and offers the writers an updated system so that they can refer their sources through footnote or endnote citation in their writing and through bibliography pages. It also provides writers with an outlet for making comments on their cited sources. This notes and bibliography system is widely used to maintain the discipline of history.
The appropriate use of the notes and bibliography helps the writers to protect themselves from the accusations of plagiarism. The proper use of the NB system can protect writers from accusations of plagiarism. This unethical use of source material created by others may be deliberate or accidental. The most important thing is that the appropriate use of the notes and bibliography helps to create credibility Most importantly, properly using the NB system builds credibility by representing liability to the source materials.
If you want to use the Chicago notes and bibliography format, you can consult The Chicago Manual of Style (15th ed.) and/or A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (7th ed.), which are available in most writing centers and reference libraries and in different bookstores.
Introduction to notes
Notes and bibliography system of The Chicago Manual of Style has made it easy for you to include a note (endnote or footnote) each time you use a source, and it depends on your choice whether you should go through a direct quote or through a paraphrase or summary. Footnotes are usually added at the end of the page on which the source is referenced, and endnotes are usually used at the end of each chapter or at the end of the whole document.
In either case, you should place a superscript number parallel to a note with the bibliographic information for that source. You should also reference the source in which the text following the end of the sentence or clause.
According to the rule of The Chicago Manual of Style, all related information concerning the source: author’s full name, source title, and facts of publication should be included in the first note of each source. If you quote the identical source again, the note requires only include the surname of the author, an abbreviated form of the title (if more than four words), and page number(s).
If you quote the same source and page number(s) from a single source two or more times repeatedly, the equivalent note should use the word “Ibid.,” an abbreviated form of the Latin ibidem, that means “in the same place.” If you use the identical source but a different page number, the equivalent note should use “Ibid.” followed by a comma and the new page number(s).
In the notes and bibliography system, the footnote or endnote itself starts with the appropriate number followed by a period and then a space. In Turabian style, the footnote or endnote starts with a superscript number.
Introduction to bibliographies
In the notes and bibliography system, the bibliography provides an alphabetical list of all sources used in a given work. This page, mainly titled Bibliography, is usually positioned at the end of the work preceding the index. It should comprise of all sources quoted within the work and may sometimes comprise of other relevant sources that were not quoted but provide further reading.
Although bibliographic entries for various sources can be formatted differently, all integrated sources (books, articles, Web sites, etc.) are set alphabetically by author’s last name. If no author or editor is listed, the title or keyword by which the reader would search for the source may be used instead.
According to rule of The Chicago Manual of Style, all entries in the bibliography generally comprises of the author (or editor, compiler, translator), title, and publication information.
The author’s name is put within inverted comma in the bibliography, placing the last name first and separating the last name and first name with a comma; for instance, John Smith turns into Smith, John.
Titles of books and journals in a bibliography are italicized. Titles of articles, chapters, poems, etc. are placed in quotation marks.
According to the rule of The Chicago Manual of Style, the year of publication is placed after the publisher or journal name.
In a bibliography, all major elements must be separated by periods. For more information and specific examples, you can download the PDF format of The Chicago Manual of Style.
It is important to note that dailyenglish24.blogspot.com is providing the basic information about the formation of entries used in the bibliography. If you want to have more information about Selected Bibliographies, Annotated Bibliographies, and Bibliographic Essays, you are suggested to consult Chapter 14.59 of The Chicago Manual of Style.
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